Sunday, 7 February 2016

The Flying Scotsman Is Back !!!

The Flying Scotsman is travelling from Carnforth, and into Carlisle,
with a return journey through Appleby and across The Ribblehead Viaduct to Farrington.
Photo: Captain Sparkle.
Illustration: BBC

Carnforth Railway Station appeared in the famous 1945 film "Brief Encounter",
starring Celia Johnson and Trevor Howard.

One of the world's most famous Locomotives, The Flying Scotsman has returned to The West Coast Main Line.

Flying Scotsman is travelling from Carnforth, on The West Coast Main Line, following a £4.2 million restoration project, which has taken ten years.

The Locomotive, which was retired from service in 1963, has been restored, for York's National Railway Museum, by Riley and Son Ltd, based in Bury, Lancashire.

It will painted in its new Green Livery next week, after The Test Run

Jim Lowe, Head of Operations at The National Railway Museum, in York, said: "We have all been looking forward to the day when The Flying Scotsman is once again running on Britain's Railway Tracks."

Read the full story and see more photographs at BBC

Celia Johnson and Trevor Howard
in "Brief Encounter".
Photograph: ITV/Rex Shutterstock.
Illustration: THE GUARDIAN

Photo of The Flying Scotsman,
at the Doncaster (Yorkshire) Works Open day 2003,
the 150th Anniversary of the Plant Works.
The Flying Scotsman was built in Doncaster, so it had 'come home'.
Date: 2003.
Source: Own work.
Author: Rich@rd
(Wikimedia Commons)

London and North-East Railway (LNER) "Pacific" Locomotive.
Fitted with Corridor Tender for working non-stop"Flying Scotsman"
between London and Edinburgh, Scotland.
Date: 1928.
Source: Scan from Allen, Cecil J. (1928) The Steel Highway,
Longmans, Green & Co., pp. facing page. (II) 32.
Author: Andy Dingley (scanner).
(Wikimedia Commons)

Quinquagesima Sunday. 7 February 2016.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Quinquagesima Sunday.
      Station at Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome.

      Privileged Sunday of The Second-Class.

Violet Vestments.

Jesus said to him: "Receive thy sight, thy Faith hath made thee whole".
Artist: Rene de Cramer.
"Copyright Brunelmar/Ghent/Belgium".
Used with Permission.

In the same way that the first three Prophecies of Holy Saturday, with their accompanying Prayers, are concerned with Adam, Noah and Abraham, so, during The Septuagesima Season, our attention is called in The Missal and The Breviary to these same Patriarchs, known respectively by The Church as The Father of The Human Race, The Father of Future Generations and The Father of Those Who Believe.

Adam, Noah and Abraham were types of Christ in The Paschal Mystery, a fact which we have already shown to be true in the case of the first two [Adam and Noah], in our notes on Septuagesima Sunday and Sexagesima Sunday. That it is true of Abraham, also, we shall see today.

In The Ambrosian Liturgy, Passion Sunday was called "Abraham's Sunday" and the "Response of Abraham" was read in The Divine Office for that day; in The Roman Liturgy, also, he is still the subject of the Gospel for Passion Sunday.

The Introit
for Quinquagesima Sunday.
Available on YouTube at

Esto mihi in Deum protectorem, et in locum refugii, 
ut salvum me facias: quoniam firmamentum meum, 
et refugium meum es tu: et propter nomen 
tuum dux mihi eris, 
et enutries me.

Ps. In te, Domine, speravi, non confundar in aeternum: 
in iustitia tua libera me, et eripe me. 

V. Gloria Patri.

"Abraham, your father", says Our Lord, "rejoiced that he might see My day, he saw it and was glad
. . . Amen, Amen, I say to you, before Abraham was made, I AM". God had indeed promised Abraham that The Messias should descend from him, and he was overwhelmed with great joy, when, by Faith, he contemplated beforehand the day of The Redeemer's coming.

Again, when this was fulfilled, he still contemplated it with a fresh joy in Limbo, where he was waiting, with The Just Men of The Old Law, for Jesus to come and deliver them after His Passion. When the three weeks of The Septuagesima Season were added to Lent, Quinquagesima became The Sunday on which The Liturgy is devoted to Abraham, so that, in The Lessons and Responses for today, the whole history of the Patriarch is described.

The Offertory
for Quinquagesima Sunday.
Available on YouTube at

Psalm CXVIII.12-13.
Bendictus es, Domine, 
doce me iustificationes tuas: 
in labiis meis pronuntiavi 
omnia iudicia oris tui.

With the desire of forming a people, who should be specially His own in the midst of the idolatrous Nations of the World (Gradual and Tract), Almighty God chose Abraham as its Head and gave him his name, which means "Father of Many Nations". "And He took him from Ur, in Chaldee, and kept him from harm in all his wanderings" [Prayers taken from The Rituale Romanum, for The Recommendation of a Soul, and before a journey].

The Communion
for Quinquagesima Sunday.
Available on YouTube at

Psalm LXXVII. 29-30.
Manducaverunt, et saturati sunt nimis,
et desiderium eorum attulit eis Dominus:
non sunt fraudati a desidero suo.

A man is not saved by being a son of Abraham, according to the flesh, but by being Abraham's son by means of a Faith like his. So Saint Paul writes: "In Christ Jesus, neither circumcision (to be a Jew) availeth anything, nor uncircumcision (to be a Gentile), but a new creature". "Walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath delivered Himself for us, an oblation and a sacrifice to God for an odour of sweetness".

If the custom of allowing ourselves a little relaxation of spirit, before undertaking The Lenten Penance which binds us all, is of Liturgical origin, let us not forget that The Church condemns all excess. To atone, therefore, for those sins that are committed, let us make a Solemn Adoration of The Blessed Sacrament, besides saying this Prayer of Reconciliation known as The Forty Hours' Prayer, which was instituted, either, by Saint Anthony-Mary Zaccaria († 1539), or by The Capuchin Father, Joseph Piantanida da Fermo (about 1636), a Prayer richly-Indulgenced by Pope Clement XIII (1765).

The Forty Hours' Devotion originated from The Forty Hours that Jesus passed in the tomb. Exposition of The Blessed Sacrament was included, but at a later date, and regulated by Pope Clement XI, in 1705.

Every Parish Priest Celebrates Mass for the people of his Parish.

Mass: Esto mihi.



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Friday, 5 February 2016

Saint Agatha. Virgin And Martyr. Feast Day, Today, 5 February.

Text and Illustrations from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia,
unless otherwise stated.

File:Alessandro Turchi - Saint Agatha Attended by Saint Peter and an Angel in Prison - Walters 37552.jpg

Saint Agatha.
Attended in Prison by Saint Peter and an Angel.
Artist: Alessandro Turchi (1578–1649).
Medium: Oil on Slate.
According to an early Christian legend, when a 3rd-Century A.D. Roman official of Sicily desired
the Christian woman, Agatha, and she refused to yield to his advances, he had her tortured,
and even ordered her breasts cut off. At night, in prison, she was visited by a vision of
Saint Peter and an Angel, and her breasts were miraculously restored. The grey stone of
the prison wall was created by letting the slate show through, and it forms a background
for the night scene, illuminated by a torch. As opposed to canvas and wood, slate gave
a painting almost unlimited durability and the same kind of permanence as sculpture.
Date: 1640-1645 (Baroque).
Current location: Walters Art Museum, Baltimore,
Maryland, United States of America.
Credit line: Acquired by Henry Walters, before 1909.
Source/Photographer: Walters Art Museum.
(Wikimedia Commons)

File:Bischofstetten Pfarrkirche innen.jpg

English: The Parish Church of Saint Agatha of Sicily,
Bischofstetten, Austria.
Deutsch: Pfarrkirche Bischofstetten, Österreich.
Photo: 8 February 2012.
Source: Own work.
Author: BSonne.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Saint Agatha of Sicily is a Christian Saint. Feast Day 5 February. Agatha was born at CataniaSicily, and Martyred circa 251 A.D. She is one of seven women, who, along with The Blessed Virgin Mary, are commemorated by name in The Canon of The Mass.

She is The Patron Saint of: Catania, Sicily; Molise, Italy; MaltaSan Marino; and Zamarramala, a municipality of the Province of Segovia, Spain. She is also The Patron Saint of breast cancer patients, Martyrs, wet nurses, Bell-Founders, bakers, fire, earthquakes, and eruptions of Mount Etna.

Agatha is buried at the Abbey Church of Saint Agatha (Badia di Sant'Agata), Catania. She is listed in the Late-6th-Century A.D. Martyrologium Hieronymianum, associated with Jerome, and the Synaxarion, The Calendar of The Church of Carthage, circa 530 A.D.

File:Giovanni Battista Tiepolo 095.jpg

English: The Martyrdom of Saint Agatha.
Italiano: Martirio di Sant'Agata.
Artist: Giovanni Battista Tiepolo.
This File: 17 April 2006.
User: Crux. This image was 
copied from wikipedia:de.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Agatha also appears in one of the carmina of Venantius Fortunatus. Two early Churches were Dedicated to her in Rome, notably the Church of Sant'Agata dei Goti, in via Mazzarino, a Titular Church with Apse mosaics of circa 460 A.D., and traces of a fresco cycle, over-painted by Gismondo Cerrini, in 1630. In the 6th-Century A.D., the Church was adapted to Arian Christianity, hence its name, "Saint Agatha of Goths" (Sant'Agata dei Goti), and later re-Consecrated by Pope Gregory the Great, who confirmed her traditional Sainthood. 

Agatha is also depicted in the mosaics of Sant' Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna, where she appears, richly dressed, in the procession of female Martyrs along the North Wall. Her image forms an initial "I" in the Sacramentary of Gellone, from the end of the 8th-Century A.D.

File:2893 - Catania - Giov. Batt. Vaccarini - Chiesa della Badia di S. Agata (1767) - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto, 4-July-2008.jpg

ItalianoGiovanni Battista Vaccarini (1702-1768), 
EnglishGiovanni Battista Vaccarini (1702-1768),
was the Architect of the Abbey Church of Saint Agatha,
Catania, Sicily, Italy.
Photo: 4 July 2008.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)

One of the most-highly-Venerated Virgin Martyrs of Christian antiquity, Agatha was put to death during the Persecution of Decius (250 A.D. - 253 A.D.) in Catania, Sicily, for her steadfast profession of Faith.

Her written legend comprises "straightforward accounts of interrogation, torture, resistance, and triumph, which constitute some of the earliest hagiographic literature", and are reflected in later recensions, the earliest surviving one being an illustrated Late-10th-Century passiobound into a composite volume, in the Bibliothèque nationale de France, originating, probably, in Autun, Burgundy; in its margin illustrations, Magdalena Carrasco detected Carolingian or Late-Antique iconographic traditions.

According to Jacobus de Voragine'sLegenda Aurea, of circa 1288, having dedicated her Virginity to God, fifteen-year-old Agatha, from a rich and noble family, rejected the amorous advances of the low-born Roman Prefect, Quintianus, who then persecuted her for her Christian Faith. He sent Agatha to Aphrodisia, the keeper of a brothel.

File:Church of St Agatha, Rabat.JPG

English: Church of Saint Agatha, Rabat, Malta.
Italiano: Chiesa di Sant'Agata, Rabat, Malta.
Photo: 31 August 2009.
Source: Own work.
Author: Cruccone.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Madam, finding her intractable, Quintianus sends for her, argues, threatens, and finally has her put in prison. Among the tortures she underwent was the cutting off of her breasts. After further dramatic confrontations with Quintianus, represented in a sequence of dialogues in her passio that document her fortitude and steadfast devotion. Saint Agatha was then sentenced to be burned at the stake, but an earthquake saved her from that fate; instead, she was sent to prison where Saint Peter the Apostle appeared to her and healed her wounds. Saint Agatha died in prison, according to the Legenda Aurea, in "The Year of Our Lord two hundred and fifty-three, in the time of Decius, the Emperor of Rome." Osbern Bokenham, A Legend of Holy Women, written in the 1440s, offers some further detail.

File:Mdina St Agatha chapel inside.JPG

English: Interior of Saint Agatha's Chapel, Mdina, Malta.
Italiano: Interno della cappella di Sant'Agata, Mdina, Malta.
Photo: 31 August 2009.
Source: Own work.
Author: Cruccone.
(Wikimedia Commons)

File:St agatha yorkshire.JPG

Saint Agatha's Church, 
Yorkshire, England. 
The Church is next to Easby Abbey.
Photo: 15 June 2008.
Source: Own work by uploader.
Author: Greenjettaguy.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The following Text is from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal.

Saint Agatha.
Virgin and Martyr.
Feast Day 5 February.


Red Vestments.

English: Cathedral of Saint Agatha, Catania, Sicily, Italy.
Deutsch: Italien, Sizilien, Catania, Dom Sant' Agata.
Photo: 6 October 2012.
Source: Own work.
Author: Berthold Werner.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Saint Agatha, Virgin and Martyr (Collect), was born in Sicily of noble parentage, but she estimated that, for her, the highest nobility would be to belong to Jesus, Whom she took as her Spouse (Gospel).

Endowed with remarkable beauty, she had to resist the solicitations of the Roman Governor, Quintianus, who, unable to attain his end by persuasion, had recourse to violence. Her breast was torn by his order, but was healed on the following night, by the Apostle, Saint Peter, who appeared to her in prison (Communion).

Then, the body of the Saint was rolled on pieces of broken pottery and on burning coals, and, when she was brought back to her cell, she expired while Praying.

This happened at Catana (Catania), Sicily, in 251 A.D., during the Persecution of the Emperor, Decius. God Almighty, by granting the victory of Martyrdom to a feeble woman (Collect), wished to show that He alone is our Redeemer, for it is with this "end in view that He chooses what is weak, in the World, to confound with their nothingness those who trust in their own strength" (Epistle).

English: Interior of the Church of Saint Agatha, Hausleiten, Austria.
Deutsch: Innenansicht der katholischen Pfarrkirche hl. Agatha
in der niederösterreichischen Gemeinde Hausleiten.
Photo: 29 September 2011.
Source: Own work.
Author: Bwag.
(Wikimedia Commons)

On several occasions, the virginal veil, which covered the tomb of Saint Agatha, held up the torrents of burning lava rushing down from Mount Etna and threatening to ruin the town. God thus honoured the resistance that her very pure Soul had shown to all the assaults of passion.

Her name is mentioned in The Canon of The Mass (Second List). Her Feast was already Celebrated at Rome in the 6th-Century A.D. The Church of Saint Agatha, in Rome, was made a Stational Church by Pope Pius XI in 1934 (Third Tuesday in Lent).

Let us invoke Saint Agatha to preserve our homes from fire and to extinguish, through the Spirit of Penitence, the impure flames that consume our bodies and our Souls.

Mass: Gaudeámus omnes in Domino.



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Forty-Hour Adoration Of The Blessed Sacrament. The Shrine Church of Saints Peter And Paul And Saint Philomena. New Brighton.

Sweet Sacrament Divine
by Lawrence OP, on Flickr. "When we ingest The Eucharist, in reality we are ingesting
The Godhead . . . because His Body and Blood are diffused through our members, we become partakers of The Divine Nature." - Saint Cyril of Alexandria.
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"My Lord Jesus Christ, Who, for the love You bear to mankind, do remain night and day in this Sacrament, full of pity and love, awaiting, calling, and receiving all who come to visit You; I believe that You are present in The Sacrament of the Altar; I Adore You from the depths of my own nothingness; I thank You for the many Graces You have given me, and especially for having given me Yourself in this Sacrament . . ." - Saint Alphonsus Ligouri.
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