Monday, 24 April 2017

"The Portsmouth Regulator". "The Tally-Ho". "Perseverance". "The Royal Mail". "The Light Post". "The Night Post". "The British Queen". "Erin-Go-Bragh". "The Rocket". "The Hero".



The London-to-Brighton Royal Mail Stagecoach
outside "The Bull and Mouth", Western Coach Office, Lombard Street, London.
Illustration: LILAC COTTAGE WONDERS


Charles Dickens' David Copperfield arrives in London by Stagecoach.


Pip and Estella meet outside "The Cross Keys", London.
The Red-and-Black Royal Mail Stagecoach forms part of the background
in Charles Dickens' "Great Expectations".


The Victorian-era Glasgow-to-London Royal Mail Stagecoach (Number 25).


The "Tally-ho".
Hampton Court-to-Dorking, Surrey, Stagecoach.
Illustration: THE PORTSMOUTH ROAD


The following Text is from THE PORTSMOUTH ROAD

And now, before we proceed further along The Portsmouth Road, we must “change here” for Dorking, a Coach-route greatly favoured of late years, both by Mr. Rumney’s “Tally-ho” Coach, and Mr. E. Brown’s “Perseverance,” by way of a relief from their accustomed haunts, to St. Alban's, and elsewhere. "The Perseverance” (which, alas !, no longer perseveres) left Northumberland Avenue at eleven a.m., and came down the old route until Surbiton was passed, when it turned off by way of Hook and Telegraph Hill, by Prince’s Coverts to Leatherhead, and so into Dorking.


Mid-Victorian Advertisement for a new Stagecoach Service
(The Perseverance) from Manchester to Sheffield.
Illustration: BRICKS

Mr. Rumney’s “Wonder”—bah ! what do I say ? — I should say that gentleman’s “Tally-ho” ran to Dorking in 1892, what time "The Perseverance” also ran thither, and a fine seven-and-sixpenny ride it was, there and back. By “there and back” I do not name the route between London and the old Surrey Town. Oh no; Mr. Rumney’s was quite an original idea. He gave Londoners the benefit of a Country drive throughout, and ran between the sweet rurality of Hampton Court and Dorking. At 11.10 every morning he started from "The Mitre Hotel", and so, across Hampton Bridge, to Ditton and Claremont, and thence to Dorking . . .


. . . This event brings us to the threshold of the Coaching era, for, in 1784, four years after The Gordon Riots, Mail-Coaches were introduced, and the roads were set in order. Years before, when only the slow Stagecoaches were running, a journey from London to Portsmouth occupied fourteen hours, if the roads were good ! Nothing is said of the time consumed on the way in the other contingency; but we may pluck a phrase from a public announcement towards the end of the 17th-Century that seems to hint at dangers and problematical arrivals. “Ye ‘Portsmouth Machine’ sets out from ye Elephant and Castell, and arrives presently by The Grace of God . . .” In those days, men did well to trust to Grace, considering the condition of the roads; but, in more recent times, Coach-proprietors put their trust in their cattle and McAdam, and dropped the piety.


"The New Times".
Guildford, Surrey, Stagecoach.
Illustration: THE PORTSMOUTH ROAD


The Inner Court-Yard of "La Belle Sauvage" Inn, Ludgate Hill, London,
from where "The Rocket" Stagecoach would depart every morning at 0830 hrs
and arrive at "The Fountain" Inn, Portsmouth, at 1730 hrs in the afternoon.
Date: 19th-Century.
Source: "The Story of The House of Cassell" (1922).
Author: Unknown.
(Wikimedia Commons)


"The Rocket" Stagecoach emerging from 
"La Belle Sauvage" Inn, Ludgate Hill, London.
Date: 19th-Century.
Source: "The Story of The House of Cassell" (1922).
Author: 
Engraving, after James Pollard (1792-1867).
(Wikimedia Commons)

A fine crowd of Coaches left London Town, daily, in the 1820s. The “Portsmouth Regulator” left at eight a.m., and reached Portsmouth at five o’clock in the afternoon; "The Royal Mail” started from "The Angel”, by St. Clement’s, Strand, at a quarter-past seven every evening, calling at "The George and Gate,” Gracechurch Street, at eight, and arriving at "The George”, Portsmouth, at ten minutes past six the following morning; "The Rocket” left "La Belle Sauvage,” Ludgate Hill, every morning at half-past eight, calling at "The White Bear”, Piccadilly, at nine o'clock, and arriving (quite the speediest Coach of this road) at "The Fountain”, Portsmouth, at half-past five, just in time for tea; while "The Light Post” Coach took quite two hours longer on the journey, leaving London at eight in the morning, and only reaching its destination in time for a late dinner at seven p.m.


"The Night Post” Coach, travelling all night, from seven o’clock in the evening to half-past seven the next morning, took an intolerable time; "The Hero,” which started from "The Spread Eagle”, Gracechurch Street, at eight a.m., did better, bringing weary passengers to their destination in ten hours; and "The Portsmouth Telegraph” flew between "The Golden Cross”, Charing Cross, and "The Blue Posts”, Portsmouth, in nine hours and a half.


"The Red Rover".
Guildford-to-Southampton Stagecoach.
Illustration: THE PORTSMOUTH ROAD


The following Text is from SLEEPING GARDENS

In the early 1800s, when the roads had improved beyond all recognition, travel eventually became ‘almost’ pleasurable. Stagecoaches were able to attain speeds of up to 10 mph – cutting journey times by hours, and, in some cases, by days. What had been a two day journey from London to Cambridge (sixty-one miles) in 1750, was possible in just six hours by 1836.

London pre-dominated as the hub of all Stagecoach services up until the 1750s, but, within ten years, Stagecoach services were operating between all major Towns and Cities and the number of provincial links had increased dramatically.

Local services were still served by Carrier’s Carts, generally operating between Public Houses, but the much larger Inns, offering accommodation and fine food, were always the starting and terminating points for those travelling longer distances.


In the 1780s, "The Post Coach" would take you direct from Stourbridge,
(previously Worcestershire, now West Midlands) to London by Lunchtime the next day.
Illustration: BLACK COUNTRY BUGLE

By the time "The Cambridge Telegraph" was in service in the Early-1800s, the Stagecoach left London daily at 9.00 in the morning (except Sunday) and arrived in Cambridge at "The Sun" Inn at 3.00 in the afternoon.

The return journey commenced in Cambridge at 01.00 in the morning and arrived at “09.00 the same morn”. By 1836, the time had been cut to six hours and one Stagecoach left Cambridge at 10.00 a.m. daily, whilst another left London at the same time to travel in the opposite direction.


Ideally, there were four Stagecoaches called "The Cambridge Telegraph" – two at each end, one in service, and the other in reserve. In the Late-1700s, it cost £4 a month, including the wages of horse-keepers and stable-hands, to keep a Stagecoach horse on the road. The horses trotted and tried to keep a steady pace of ten miles an hour. Galloping could only be sustained for a short distance and was only indulged in to make up lost time.The lifespan of a horse on a Stagecoach route was only three to four years and they were then sold to farmers for lighter duties.


"The Tantivy".
Stourbridge-to-Birmingham Stagecoach.
The driver in the picture is Jake Gardner and the Stagecoach stands at its starting point,
The Old King's Head, Stourbridge High Street. The Landlord, William Vale, can also be seen,
inside the Stagecoach, about to load a large Wicker Basket. The Public House, demolished over a Century ago, stood where Lloyds Bank stands today.
Date: Circa 1860.
[Editor: If you are wondering where the name "Tantivy" came from,
it was an old hunting cry, given at full gallop.]
Illustration: BLACK COUNTRY BUGLE


Due to the population’s desire to travel, Stagecoach capacity was increased. The maximum number of six passengers (carried in the 1740s) was increased to eight or ten (inside and out) by the end of the Century, and, by 1810, Stagecoaches were large enough to carry up to eight people inside, in ‘reasonable’ comfort, with eight more taking their places outside – open to the elements but at a much reduced fare.

There were accidents though, carrying so many people, as well as their luggage, often led to Stagecoaches tipping over on the more winding roads.

Journeys were also invariably long and tedious and frequent stops were made at Inns along the way. Tired horses would be changed for a fresh team and passengers were allowed ten - twenty minutes for refreshments. For Inn-keepers, the Stagecoaches were a lucrative trade.


A Royal Mail Worcester-to-London Stagecoach,
decorated in the Black and Scarlet Post Office Livery, 1804.
Number 17.
From The Costume of Great Britain, 1808 (originally issued 1804),
written and engraved by William Henry Pyne (1769-1843).
Author: William Henry Pyne (1769–1843).
(Wikimedia Commons)

Although the Stagecoach era spanned 200 years, the real boom was between 1810 and 1830. During this time, a Nationwide network of services had been formed and some 3,000 Stagecoaches, and 150,000 horses, both Private and Mail, were employed in the transportation of people.

Freight continued to be carried by the more efficient Canal System until the 1830s, but then went by Railway, as did The Mail, from London. It was the arrival of the Railways that put the final nail in the Stagecoach's coffin, for, although they continued to be used in rural areas for some years to come, most people wanted to travel by Railway.


The following Text is from BLACK COUNTRY BUGLE

The photo, above, of "The Tantivy" Stagecoach, probably dates from around 1860, when regular Stagecoach services were in their dying days. Perhaps the unknown photographer wanted to preserve for posterity a vanishing way of life.

"The Tantivy" Stagecoach ran from Stourbridge to Birmingham, departing at 10 a.m. every Monday, Thursday, and Saturday, and called at Cradley, Halesowen and Rowley, en route. One of its Staging Posts, where it took on fresh horses, was at The New Inn, Halesowen, demolished in the 1950s.


The driver in the picture is Jake Gardner and the Stagecoach stands at its starting point, The Old King's Head, Stourbridge High Street. The Landlord, William Vale, can also be seen, about to load a large Wicker Basket. The Public House, demolished over a Century ago, stood where Lloyds Bank is, today.

Several other Stagecoaches ran from The Old King's Head. In the 1820s, John Jolly ran Stagecoaches from Stourbridge to Dudley, Worcester, and London. Departing on Monday and on Wednesdays, William Cox ran a service to Wolverhampton. In the Mid-1830s, Thomas Wastel ran Stagecoaches to Wolverhampton and Dudley on Tuesdays and Fridays, and Thomas Ward ran a Thursday service to Wolverhampton and Stafford.


Travelling by Stagecoach was arduous and slow. They were often overcrowded, which sometimes led to overturning. Those riding inside the Stagecoach were cramped, while those travelling outside had to cling on for dear life, while soaked and freezing in Winter. At best, the Stagecoaches averaged seven miles an hour, over roads that could be treacherous in places. It was not uncommon for paving stones to be stolen from the roads, while ruts and potholes could be axle-breaking deep; the nursery rhyme "Dr Foster went to Gloucester" was inspired by the poor nature of the roads. Added to that, passengers were required to dismount on steep hills, in order to spare the horses.


Things improved with the Turnpike Roads. With all road users, whether travelling by horse, by Stagecoach, or driving cattle, charged for using them, the roads could then be maintained, and safety and speed improved. Acts of Parliament were required to create a Turnpike Trust and Stourbridge's first was passed in 1753. The first stretch of road to be Turnpiked ran from the Old Town Hall to Wordsley Green.

The number of Turnpikes grew and by the 1780s Stourbridge folk could take a Stagecoach from "The Talbot Hotel" to "The Crown" Inn, Worcester, a journey that took around half a day. On three days in the week, travellers could take The Holyhead-to-London Post Coach, which passed through Stourbridge, arriving in London for Lunchtime the next day. This cost the princely sum of £1.7s.0d., roughly equivalent to £150 in today's money, or half that if you were prepared to travel on the outside of the Stagecoach, unprotected from the elements.


Stourbridge's last Turnpike Act was passed in 1816 and concerned the road to Bridgnorth. The money generated by the Turnpikes was used to improve the roads in Stourbridge and, in the 1800s, the steepness of Lower High Street was reduced, new Streets in the Town were laid out and a new, wider, Bridge over The River Stour was built.

Nigel Perry, in his book "A History of Stourbridge" (2001), writes: "In the 1840s, the Stagecoaches serving Stourbridge had romantic names, such as "The British Queen", "Red Rover", "Erin-go-Bragh", "Rocket", "Everlasting", "Bang-Up", and "Greyhound". Journeys could be made directly from Stourbridge to Birmingham, Brierley Hill and Dudley, Wolverhampton, Worcester and Kidderminster, and Bewdley, Tenbury, Leominster and Ludlow. Stagecoaches on Birmingham and Worcester routes were owned by Joseph Gardner of Windmill Street. Another Carrier was Joseph Pemberton, who ran Stagecoaches to Birmingham, Bristol, Dudley, Tipton, Worcester, from "The Coach and Horses" Inn, High Street."


The death knell for these Stagecoaches was sounded in 1852, when The Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway opened its station at Stourbridge. It became Stourbridge Junction in 1863, when a new line to Cradley Heath was opened. That was extended to Old Hill in 1865 and, in 1867, on to Smethwick, from where the Line connected with The Great Western Railway's route from Birmingham to Wolverhampton. The Line to Stourbridge Town was completed in 1879.

The old Stagecoaches could not compete with the Railways; rendered obsolete, they went out of business. The last Royal Mail Stagecoach service, from London to Norwich, closed in 1846, after which long distance Mail was carried by Railway.


The 1888 Local Government Act dissolved the remaining Turnpike Trusts and placed Main Roads under the care of the newly-created County Councils.


The Bath-to-London Royal Mail Coach.
Illustration: BRICKS


The York-to-London Royal Mail Coach.
Number 105.
Illustration: BRICK

Photographs of the old Stagecoaches are rare, there being a relatively short overlap between the new technology of photography and the old Stagecoaches, but at least one Black Country Stagecoach was preserved for posterity. If you are wondering where the name "Tantivy" came from, it was an old hunting cry given at full gallop.

Sunday, 23 April 2017

Low Sunday (Quasimodo Sunday) (Dominica In Albis). Station Is At The Basilica Of San Pancrazio (Saint Pancras). Octave Of Easter.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Low Sunday, or, Octave of Easter.
   Station at Saint Pancras's.

Indulgence of 30 Years and 30 Quarantines.

Privileged of The First-Class.

Greater-Double.

White Vestments.



"Bring hither thy hand and put it into My Side, and be not Faithless, but believing".
Artist: Rene de Cramer.
"Copyright Brunelmar/Ghent/Belgium".
Used with Permission.


English: Basilica of Saint Pancras, 
Rome, Italy.
Italiano: Chiesa di San Pancrazio, a Roma, 
nel quartiere Gianicolense.
Photo: June 2009.
Source: Own work.
Author: Croberto68.
(Wikimedia Commons)

This Sunday is called Quasimodo Sunday, from the first words of the Introit, or Dominica in Albis (post Albas Depositas), from the fact that, on this day, the newly-Baptised had laid aside their White Vestments, or Pascha Clausum, because it finishes The Easter Octave, or, again, Low Sunday, perhaps in contrast to The Great Feast of the week before.

To teach those, who, in Baptism, have just been born to The Life of God, the generosity with which they ought to bear testimony to Christ, The Church leads them to the Basilica of The Martyr, Saint Pancras, who, when only twelve years old, offered to Christ the Testimony of his blood.


The entrance avenue to the 
Basilica of Saint Pancras, 
Rome, Italy.
Photo: January 2006.
Source: Own work.
Author: Lalupa.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Christians must stand firm, resting on their Faith in Christ, The Risen Son of God. Saint John tells us that this is The Faith that overcomes the World, for it enables us to resist all efforts to make us fall (Epistle). Thus, it is important that it should have a firm foundation, which The Church gives us in today's Mass.

Saint John says, in the Epistle, that this Faith is founded upon The Witness of The Father, Who, at Our Lord's Baptism (with water), proclaimed Him His Son; of The Son, Who, on The Cross (by His Blood), showed Himself as The Son of God; and of The Holy Ghost, descending on The Apostles on The Day of Pentecost, according to Our Lord's promise, confirmed what Christ had said about His Resurrection and His Divinity; Dogmas, which The Church, guided by The Holy Ghost, never ceases to proclaim.


Interior of the Basilica of Saint Pancras, 
Rome, Italy.
Photo: January 2006.
Source: Own work.
Author: Lalupa.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Our Faith rests, also, on The Testimony of Angels, who announced Our Lord's Rising from The Dead (Offertory), but it is based, chiefly, on His appearances to His Apostles. Further, the Gospel shows us how Christ, appearing twice in The Cenacle, overcame the unbelief of Saint Thomas, praising those who, not having seen, should yet believe.

Let us believe in Jesus, Risen from The Dead, and, in the presence of The Blessed Sacrament, let us repeat Saint Thomas's cry of Faith and humility: "My Lord and my God."


Interior of the Basilica of Saint Pancras, 
Rome, Italy.
Photo: August 2012.
Source: Own work.
Author: Luc.
(Wikimedia Commons)

By our steadfast Faith, and our blameless conduct, let us bear witness to Our Lord Jesus Christ, before an indifferent World.

Every Parish Priest celebrates Mass for the people of his Parish.

Mass: Quasi modo.


English: Saint Pancras before the Emperor,
in a 19th-Century tableau 
in the Church of Saint Pancras, Griesheim, Alsace, France.
Français: Alsace, Bas-Rhin, Griesheim-sur-Souffel,
Eglise St Pancrace, 
Maître-autel (XIXe), tableau de St Pancrace (1855).
Date: 2012.
Source: Own work.
Author: Ralph Hammann.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

The Church of San Pancrazio (English: S. Pancras; Latin: S. Pancratii) is a Roman Catholic ancient Basilica and Titular Church, founded by Pope Symmachus in the 6th-Century, in Rome, Italy. It stands in Via S. Pancrazio, Westward beyond the Porta San Pancrazio that opens in a stretch of the Aurelian Wall on the Janiculum.

The Cardinal Priest of the Titulus S. Pancratii is Antonio Cañizares Llovera. Among the previous Titulars are Pope Paul IV (15 January - 24 September 1537) and Pope Clement VIII (18 December 1585 - 30 January 1592).

The Basilica of Saint Pancras was built by Pope Symmachus (498 A.D. - 514 A.D.), on the place where the body of the young Martyr, Saint Pancras of Rome, or Pancratius, had been buried. In the 17th-Century, it was given to The Discalced Carmelites, who completely remodelled it. The Church underwent further rebuilding in the 19th-Century, but it retains its plain brick facade of the Late-15th-Century, with The Arms of Pope Innocent VIII. Below the Church, there are huge Catacombs, the Catacombe di S. Pancrazio or di Ottavilla. The entrance is next to the small Museo di S. Pancrazio, with fragments of sculpture and pagan and Early-Christian inscriptions.


THIS CONCLUDES THE SERIES OF ARTICLES ON THE LENTEN STATIONS IN ROME.

ZEPHYRINUS HOPES THEY HAVE BEEN OF VALUE TO READERS, ON THEIR LENTEN JOURNEY, AND LOOKS FORWARD TO TRAVELLING THAT SAME JOURNEY WITH YOU NEXT YEAR.

GOD WILLING (DEO VOLENTE).

Saturday, 22 April 2017

Easter Saturday. The Station Is At The Papal Arch-Basilica Of Saint John Lateran.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Easter Saturday.
   Station at Saint John Lateran.

Indulgence of 30 Years and 30 Quarantines.

Semi-Double.

White Vestments.


English: Papal Arch-Basilica of Saint John Lateran.
Cathedral of the Bishop of RomeItaly.
Latin: Archibasilica Sanctissimi Salvatoris 
et Sanctorum Iohannes Baptistae 
et Evangelistae in Laterano Omnium urbis 
et orbis ecclesiarum mater et caput.
Español: Basílica de San Juan de Letrán
catedral del Obispo de Roma, Italia.
Italiano: Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Roma.
Polski: Bazylika św. Jana na Lateranie (znana jako
Bazylika Laterańska), katedra biskupa Rzymu, Włochy.
Photo: September 2005.
Source: Own work.
Author: Stefan Bauer, http://www.ferras.at.
(Wikimedia Commons)

On coming out of The Baptismal Font, The Neophytes were given a White Garment (a White Veil is now placed over the newly-Baptised during The Baptismal Ceremonies) as a symbol of the effects of Baptism on their Souls: "All you who have been Baptised have put on Christ" (Communion). They continued to wear it until the day known as "sabbatum in albis depositis" ("The Saturday on which White Vestments are laid aside"), because, on that day, at Saint John Lateran, their Baptismal Robes were taken from them.

The Church, seeing "those New-Born Babes" (Epistle) gathered around her, asks them, by the mouth of Saint Peter, her Head, ever to drink The Spiritual and Pure Milk of The True Doctrine.

And in that Basilica, dedicated to The Holy Redeemer, she reminds them that their Souls are The Living Stones of a Spiritual House, of which Christ is The Corner-Stone. The Gospel also shows us The Prince of The Apostles, who, even before Saint John, realised The Resurrection of Christ, of which he is to be Witness to The Whole Church.

Mass: Edúxit Dóminus.


English: The Lateran Palace (on the Left) 
besides the Basilica of Saint John Lateran.
Deutsch: Das Bild zeigt den Lateranspalast 
und das Seitenportal der Lateransbasilika 
von der Piazza S. Giovanni in Laterano aus.
Italiano: Facciata laterale della 
con a sinistra il Palazzo Laterano.
Photo: September 2004.
Source: Own work.
Author: Maus-Trauden.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Friday, 21 April 2017

Easter Friday. The Station Is At The Basilica Of Saint Mary-Of-The-Martyrs (The Pantheon).


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Easter Friday.
   Station at Saint Mary of The Martyrs (The Pantheon).

Indulgence of 30 Years and 30 Quarantines.

Semi-Double.

White Vestments.



The Pantheon is a Roman Catholic Church
Dedicated to "Saint Mary of The Martyrs",
but informally known as "Santa Maria della Rotonda.
Photo: January 2007.
Vatican Museum photo by: Roberta Dragan.
User: Droberta.
(Wikimedia Commons)

After bringing her Neophytes together on successive days at Saint John Lateran, Saint Mary Major, Saint Peter's, Saint Paul's, Saint Laurence's, and The Twelve Apostles, The Church, today, made a Lenten Station at the Basilica Dedicated to all The Martyrs and to their Queen, where was made most manifest The Triumph of Christ over paganism.

For the Pantheon, the temple consecrated to the worship of all the gods, was, in the 7th-Century A.D., Dedicated to Mary and to The Martyrs of The Catacombs, a large number of whose bones Pope Boniface IV caused to be Transferred to this Basilica.


The High Altar, 
Saint Mary-of-The-Martyrs, 
Rome, Italy.
Photo: February 2013.
Source: Flickr: DSC_0931.
Author: Bengt Nyman.
(Wikimedia Commons)


English: The Pantheon and the Piazza della Rotunda, Rome, Italy.
Deutsch: Das Pantheon und die Piazza della Rotonda in Rom.
An 1835 view of the Pantheon 
showing the twin Bell Towers, 
often incorrectly attributed to Bernini.
Artist: Rudolf von Alt (1812–1905).
Current location: Albertina, Vienna, Austria.
Source: Repro from artbook.
This File: April 2010.
User: Mefusbren69.
(Wikimedia Commons)


The Basilica 
of Saint Mary-of-The-Martyrs, 
Rome, Italy.
Photo: October 2008.
Source: Own work.
Author: Maros M r a z (Maros).
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Feast of The Dedication of this Church soon afterwards became known as The Feast of All Saints. (Feast Day 1 November.)

The Introit, the Collect and the Epistle remind us that the Covenant established by God with Noe and his seed, after their escape from The Flood, and later renewed with Moses and his people after their Passage through The Red Sea, is a figure of The New Covenant, under which The Neophytes were brought from The Baptismal Font unto the adoption of Children of God.

Jesus on The Cross virtually killed sin (Alleluia, Epistle), and, by His Resurrection, of which The Apostles were Witnesses, (Gospel), He gave us The Life of Grace. Baptism brought home to our Souls this twofold effect of Life and Death. Let us ever remain faithful to it.

Mass: Edúxit eos.

Thursday, 20 April 2017

Easter Thursday. The Station Is At The Basilica Of The Twelve Apostles.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Easter Thursday.
   Station at The Twelve Apostles.

Indulgence of 30 Years and 30 Quarantines.

Semi-Double.

White Vestments.



The Apse. 
The Basilica of The Twelve Apostles, 
Rome, Italy.
Photo: August 2012.
Source: Own work.
Author: Luc.
(Wikimedia Commons)

On this day, The Church used to gather together in the Church of The Twelve Apostles witnesses of The Risen Christ, her New-Born Children, in order that they might Sing The Praises of The Lord, Who had associated them with His Triumph (Introit, Communion). In this Lenten Stational Basilica, are the bodies of Saint Philip and Saint James.

The Gospel tells of the appearance of Jesus to Magdalen, who was the first to inform The Apostles of the disappearance of Our Lord's Body, and who, after seeing The Risen Christ, was deputed by Him to proclaim to them The Double Mystery of The Resurrection and The Ascension.

The Epistle tells of one of the first seven Deacons, called Philip. [This Deacon must not be confused with Saint Philip, the Apostle.] He Baptises a heathen eunuch, who, in a transport of joy, Preaches everywhere the Gospel of Jesus.


The Baroque Ceiling.
The Church of The Twelve Apostles, 
Rome, Italy.
Photo: August 2005.
(Wikimedia Commons)


The Basilica of The Twelve Apostles, 
Rome, Italy.
Photo: January 2006.
Source: Own work.
Author: Lalupa.
(Wikimedia Commons)

This is what The Church has done for The Catechumens, "who have just been born again in The Font of Baptism" (Collect). "God hath made the tongues of those infants eloquent" (Introit), and, by their Faith and their good actions (Collect), they sing The Triumph of Jesus over death (Alleluia) and over their own Souls (Communion).

Let us remember that, by Baptism, we have become united in one and the same Faith to The Risen Christ (Collect), Whose Father is now Our Father.

Mass: Victrícem manum.


Interior of Santi Apostoli, 
Rome, Italy.
Photo: July 2007.
Source: Own work.
Author: SteO153.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Wednesday, 19 April 2017

Easter Wednesday. Station At The Basilica Of Saint Laurence-Without-The-Walls.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Easter Wednesday.
   Station at Saint Laurence-without-the-Walls.

Indulgence of 30 Years and 30 Quarantines.

Semi-Double.

White Vestments.

The spelling of this Saint's name can be either Laurence or Lawrence.



English: Papal Basilica of Saint Laurence-without-the-Walls.
Italiano: Basilica Papale di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura.
Photo: February 2005.
Source: Own work.
Author: User:Panairjdde.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Lenten Station is at Saint Laurence-without-the-Walls. The Church puts before her New-Born Children, as a model, the illustrious Roman Deacon, to whom this Basilica is Dedicated.

Like Saint Paul, yesterday, Saint Peter tells us that The Prophets foretold the Death of Jesus and that The Apostles were witnesses of His Resurrection (Epistle). The Alleluia further reminds us that "The Lord hath appeared to Peter"; while the Gospel shows us Saint Peter directing the fishing operations of his companions, in expectation of the hour, now fast approaching, when he will direct their labours as fishers of men. More devoted to Jesus than the others, he cast himself into the sea to rejoin Him, and it was he who drew to land the net, full of one hundred and fifty-three big fishes.


The Cloisters,
San Lorenzo fuori-le-mura 
(Saint Laurence-without-the-Walls), 
Rome, Italy.
Artist: Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg (1783–1853).
Date: 1824.
Current location: Art Institute of Chicago,
(Mr. and Mrs. Martin A. Ryerson Collection).
Photo: April 2007.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)

According to The Fathers, these fishes, brought by Peter to The Feet of The Risen Christ, represented the Neophytes, for The Catechumens were born to Supernatural Life in The Font of Baptism. Called by God to receive His Kingdom (Introit), they eat The Bread of Angels, The Bread of Heaven (Offertory, Secret), which transforms them into New Creatures (Postcommunion), the "Agni Novelli" or "New-Born Lambs".

[The "Agnus Dei", or figures of The Lamb of God, stamped on the wax which remains from The Paschal Candle of the previous year, were formerly Blessed by the Pope on this day. Cherished in a spirit of Reverence and Faith, they are a protection against sickness and danger.]

Let us Celebrate these Festivities of The Resurrection of Our Lord in a Spirit of Holy Rejoicing, a foretaste of the joy we shall experience at The Eternal Pasch (Collect).

Mass: Veníte, benedícti.

Tuesday, 18 April 2017

Easter Tuesday. Station At The Papal-Basilica Of Saint Paul-Without-The Walls.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Easter Tuesday.
   Station at Saint Paul-without-the-Walls.

Indulgence of 30 Years and 30 Quarantines.

Double of The First-Class.

White Vestments.


English: Basilica of Saint Paul-without-the-Walls, 
Rome, Italy.
Deutsch: Rom, Sankt Paul vor den Mauern.
Italiano: Statua di San Paolo di fronte alla facciata
Photo: May 2007.
Source: Own work.
Author: Berthold Werner.
(Wikimedia Commons)

After the Testimony to Our Lord's Resurrection given by The Angels (Holy Saturday and Easter Sunday), and by The Prince of The Apostles (Easter Monday), today's Liturgy brings before us that of The Apostle of the Gentiles.

So it is in The Papal-Basilica of Saint Paul, on the Via Ostia, that The Church used to gather her New-Born Children around the tomb of this same Apostle (Collect), there to teach them, out of his mouth, The Words of Divine Wisdom ((Introit).

The Epistle consists of a portion of the address in which Saint Paul announced to the Jews of the Synagogue of Antioch, in Pisidia, The Resurrection of Christ, foretold by The Prophets and witnessed by The Apostles.

The Gospel gives us a new proof of Our Lord's Resurrection, telling us of an appearance of Jesus in The Cenacle on the very day that He Rose from The Dead. Jesus makes his Disciples touch Him. He eats in their presence and demonstrates from The Scriptures that it was necessary that Christ should die to save the World.

The Neophytes, "redeemed out of the hand of the enemy and united to God's own people" (Gradual), and all Christians with them, must, continues Saint Paul, henceforth live, like The Risen Christ, none but a Heavenly Life (Communion), and by their manner of living proclaim their Faith in Christ (Collect).

Let us renew our Faith in The Risen Christ and show it by living, like Jesus, an entirely New Life.

Every Parish Priest celebrates Mass for the people of his Parish.

Mass: Aqua sapiéntiae.


English: Basilica of Saint Paul-without-the-Walls, 
Rome, Italy.
With its length of 432 feet, this Basilica ranks 
eleventh among the largest Churches in the World.
Français: Basilique Saint-Paul-hors-les-Murs, Vatican, située à Rome. 
Avec sa longueur de 131,66 mètres, cette Basilique 
se classe au 11è rang parmi les plus grandes églises au monde.
Photo: September 2010.
Source: Own work.
Author: Tango7174.
(Wikimedia Commons)
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