Thursday, 23 March 2017

Thursday Of The Third Week In Lent. Lenten Station At The Basilica Of The Holy Martyrs Cosmas And Damian.




Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Thursday of The Third Week in Lent.
   Station at The Holy Martyrs, Cosmas and Damian.

Indulgence of 10 Years and 10 Quarantines.

Violet Vestments.



The High Altar and Apse of
Rome, Italy.
Photo: June 2002.
Source: flickr.com
Author: iessi
(Wikimedia Commons)

This Thursday takes the name of "Mid-Lent Thursday", because it is the twentieth day in the middle of The Holy Forty Days. The Church brings to the following Sunday the sentiments of joy [on Laetare Sunday, Rose Vestments can be worn instead of the Violet Vestments] which she wishes to fill our hearts. The Feast of Easter approaches, and we must courageously continue The Lenten Fast, already half completed.

It is in a Church, made of two Pagan Temples (of The Holy City and of Romulus), where rest the bodies of The Holy Martyrs, Cosmas and Damian, who were put to death during The Diocletian Persecution, that this Station is made.

The sick came in crowds to visit the tomb of these two brothers, doctors by profession, imploring them to restore their health. It was thus fitting to say this Gospel, relating to the cure of the mother-in-law of Simon Peter and of the sick of Capharnaum. It is also a Mass of Dedication, as the words of the Epistle show: Templum Domini est.

The Jews, who possessed the magnificent Temple of Jerusalem, began to believe that respect for The House of God sufficed to Sanctify them, and they considered themselves dispensed from observing The Spirit of The Law. Wherefore, The Church warns us that our Lent should not only consist of Prayers and Fasts, but should be accompanied by Exercises of Charity and Justice towards our neighbour.


Theodoric The Great,
King of the Ostrogoths.
Author: Unknown.
(Wikimedia Commons)

We must imitate the example of Jesus, and during the whole of Lent follow Him, with The Holy Liturgy, in His Ministry of Redemption, Preaching The Kingdom of God, healing the sick, and casting out devils (Gospel). Let us love to listen to The Word of God: It will cure our Souls and banish from them the devil, who seeks to reign therein.

The Catechumens, who were preparing for Baptism, listened especially at this Season of the Year to The Word of God. They also received The Imposition of Hands, so as to be delivered from evil spirits and to obtain the cure of their Souls.

Through the Intercession of The Holy Doctors, Cosmas and Damian, in whose Church today's Solemnities are Celebrated, let us ask The Divine Physician that the severe Abstinence of The Lenten Fast may cool the fever of our passions and assure our Salvation (Collect, Epistle, Postcommunion).

Mass: Salus pópuli.



Basilica of Saints Cosmas and Damian,
Rome, Italy.
Photo: September 2006.
Source: Own work.
Author: Riccardov
(Wikimedia Commons)

The following Text is from Wikipedia -the free encyclopaedia.

The Basilica of Santi Cosma e Damiano is a Church in Rome, located in The Roman Forum. It is one of the ancient Churches called Tituli, of which Cardinals are Patrons as Deacons. The Cardinal Deacon of the Titulus Ss. Cosmae et Damiani is Giovanni Cheli. The Basilica, devoted to the two Greek brothers, doctors, Martyrs and Saints, Cosmas and Damian, is located in The Forum of Vespasian, also known as The Forum of Peace.

The Temple of Romulus was dedicated by Emperor Maxentius to his son, Valerius Romulus, who died in 309 A.D., and was rendered divine honours. It is possible that the temple was, in origin, the temple of "Iovis Stator" or the one dedicated to Penates, and that Maxentius restored it before the re-Dedication.


Pope Felix IV presents Saints Cosmas and Damian
with the Basilica that he re-Dedicated to them.
Painting from SS Cosma e Damiano. Early-1600s, Tuscan School.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The ancient Roman fabric was Christianised and Dedicated to Sancti Cosma et Damiano in 527 A.D., when Theodoric the Great, King of the Ostrogoths, and his daughter, Amalasuntha, donated The Library of The Forum of Peace (Bibliotheca Pacis), and a portion of the Temple of Romulus, to Pope Felix IV (526 A.D. - 530 A.D.).

The Pope united the two buildings to create a Basilica devoted to two Greek brothers and Saints, Cosmas and Damian, in contrast with the ancient pagan cult of the two brothers, Castor and Pollux, who had been worshipped in the nearby Temple of Castor and Pollux.


Not really a Temple, but a Vestibule opening into a
Hall of Vespasian's Forum of Peace,
which now houses the Church of SS. Cosma e Damiano.
Photo: May 2005.
Source: Flickr
Reviewer: KenWalker
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Apse was decorated with a Roman-Byzantine mosaic, representing a parousia, The Second Coming of Christ at the End of Time. The bodies of Saints Mark and Marcellian were Translated, perhaps in the 9th-Century A.D., to this Church, where they were re-discovered in 1583 during the Reign of Pope Gregory XIII.

In 1632, Pope Urban VIII ordered the Restoration of the Basilica. The works, projected by Orazio Torriani and directed by Luigi Arrigucci, raised the floor level seven metres, bringing it equal with the Campo Vaccino, thus avoiding the infiltration of water. Also, a Cloister was added. The old Floor of the Basilica is still visible in the lower Church, which is actually the lower part of the first Church.

In 1947, the Restorations of The Imperial Forums gave a new structure to the Church. The old entrance, through the Temple of Romulus, was closed, and the temple restored to its original forms; with the Pantheon, the Temple of Romulus is the best preserved pagan temple in Rome. A new entrance was opened on the opposite side (on Via dei Fori Imperiali), whose Arch gives access to the Cloister, and through this to the side of the Basilica.



Pope Urban VIII (1623 - 1644)
ordered the Restoration of the Basilica in 1632.
Artist: Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598–1680).
Date: 1632.
Current location: Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome, Italy.
Source/Photographer: Web Gallery of Art.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Next to the new entrance to the complex, there are rooms with the original Marble Paving of The Forum of Peace, and the wall, where the 150 Marble Slabs of the Forma Urbis Romae were hung. Through the Cloister, the entrance to the Church opens on the side of the single Nave. The Plan of the Basilica followed the norms of the Counter-Reformation: a single Nave, with three Chapels per side, and the big Apse, which now looks quite over-sized because of the reduction in height of the 17th-Century Restoration, framed by the Triumphal Arch, also mutilated by that Restoration.

The mosaics are masterpieces of 6th and 7th-Century A.D. art. In the middle is Christ, with Saint Peter presenting Saint Cosmas and Saint Theodorus (Right), and Saint Paul presenting Saint Damian and Pope Felix IV; the latter holds a model of the Church.

The importance of this Basilica, for the history of medicine, is not only related to the fact that the two brothers were physicians, and soon became Patrons of physicians, surgeons, pharmacists and veterinarians, but also to the Tradition, according to which, Claudius Galen himself lectured in the Library of the Temple of Peace (“Bibliotheca Pacis”). Furthermore, for Centuries, in this “medical area” Roman physicians had their meetings.

Wednesday, 22 March 2017

The Feast Of The Annunciation. On Saturday, 25 March 2017. 1030 hrs. Solemn High Mass. The Church Of Saint Agnes. New York City.



Text and Illustration from: NEW LITURGICAL MOVEMENT

The Church of Saint Agnes, New York City, located at 143 East 43rd Street, will have a Solemn High Mass this coming Saturday, 25 March 2017, The Feast Day of The Annunciation, at 10:30 hrs.

The Saint Mary’s Student Schola, directed by Mr David Hughes, will sing Palestrina’s Missa Ave Maria.

Wednesday Of The Third Week In Lent. Lenten Station At The Basilica Of Saint Sixtus.




Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Wednesday of The Third Week in Lent.
   Station at Saint Sixtus's.

Indulgence of 10 Years and 10 Quarantines.

Violet Vestments.


English: Basilica of Saint Sixtus, Rome.
(Terme di Caracalla).
Photo: June 2006.
Uploaded by Kurpfalzbilder.de
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Candidates from among the heathen, after a period of waiting, became Catechumens at The Station this day. Their Sponsors presented them by testifying to their purity of intention and conduct. Their names were written on Tablets of Ivory covered in Leather, which were read at The Commemoration of The Living.

After The Collect, and before The Lessons, they proceeded to The Rites of Exsufflation, of The Sign of The Cross, of The Imposition of Hands, and of that of The Salt, which are still to be found in the first part of The Ceremonies of Baptism.

The Station is at Saint Sixtus's, on The Appian Way, a Parish Church of Rome in the 5th-Century A.D. It was of this Holy Pontiff, and, according to several authors, in this very place, that Saint Laurence begged to be permitted to accompany him as his Minister in the sacrifice of himself which he was about to make. Saint Sixtus is buried in this Church.

God, on Sinai, had commanded men, the Epistle and Gospel tell us, to honour their parents and to love their neighbours. The Pharisees added to these Commandments human traditions, which consisted of formalities wholly external, to which they attached more importance than they did to the Law of Moses.


The Basilica of Saint Sixtus, Rome.
Photo: November 2009.
Source: Own work.
Author: LPLT
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Church, therefore, seeks to put us on our guard against the observance of exterior practices of Worship or Fasts, which are not united to Acts of Charity. For, in order to obtain the approval of Heaven, our Penance must come from a heart overflowing with Love of God and our neighbour, for it is from the heart that the holiness and malice of man proceeds.

To bodily mortifications, let us take great care to add the practice of Virtues: Sincerity; Justice; Patience; Charity; or, as The Collect expresses it, let us impose upon ourselves Fasting of Soul and body.

Mass: Ego autem.


The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

Insufflation and Exsufflation.

In Religious and magical practice, Insufflation and Exsufflation are ritual acts of blowing, breathing, hissing, or puffing, that signify, variously, expulsion or renunciation of evil or of the Devil (the Evil One), or infilling or Blessing with good (especially, in Religious use, with The Spirit or Grace of God).


Pope Leo III (795 A.D. - 816 A.D.)
rebuilt the old "Titulus" in 814 A.D.
Mosaics in the Hall (Triclinium) of Leo III
of the Lateran Palace (798 A.D. - 799 A.D.).
(Wikimedia Commons)

In historical Christian practice, such blowing appears most prominently in The Liturgy, and is connected almost exclusively with Baptism and other Ceremonies of Christian initiation, achieving its greatest popularity during periods in which such Ceremonies were given a prophylactic or exorcistic significance, and were viewed as essential to the defeat of the Devil or to the removal of the taint of Original Sin.

Ritual blowing occurs in The Liturgies of Catechumenate and Baptism from a very early period and survives into the modern Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Maronite, and Coptic Rites.

Catholic Liturgy, post-Vatican II (the so-called Novus Ordo 1969), has largely done away with Insufflation, except in a Special Rite for the Consecration of Chrism on Maundy Thursday. Protestant liturgies typically abandoned it very early on. Muslims include the practice to a certain degree, following the Biblical Rites to a lesser extent. The Tridentine Catholic Liturgy retained both an Insufflation of The Baptismal Water and (like the present-day Orthodox and Maronite Rites) an Exsufflation of The Candidate for Baptism, right up to the 1960s.


THE INSUFFLATION. He breathes thrice upon the waters in the form of a Cross, saying: "Do You with Your mouth Bless these pure waters: that besides their natural virtue of cleansing the body, they may also be effectual for purifying the Soul".

THE EXSUFFLATION. The Priest breathes three times on The Child in the form of a Cross, saying: "Go out of him . . . you unclean spirit and give place to The Holy Spirit, The Paraclete".


Pope Sixtus IV (1414-1484).
Date: Circa 1473 - 1475.
Current location: Louvre Museum, Paris, France.
Source/Photographer: cartelen.louvre.fr
[Pope Sixtus IV restored the Basilica in 1475].
(Wikimedia Commons)

Santi Nereo e Achilleo is a 4th-Century A.D. Basilica Church in Rome, located in via delle Termi di Caracalla, in the rione Celio, facing the main entrance to The Baths of Caracalla. The current Cardinal Priest of the Titulus Ss. Nerei et Achillei is Theodore Edgar McCarrick.

A 337 A.D., epitaph inscription in the Basilica di San Paolo fuori le Mura celebrates the Late Cinnamius Opas, Lector of a Church known as Titulus Fasciolae; the name has traditionally been explained as the place where St. Peter lost the foot bandage (fasciola) that wrapped the wounds caused by his chains, on his way to escape the Mamertine Prison.

In The Acts of The Synod of Pope Symmachus, 499 A.D., the Titulus Fasciolae is recorded as served by five Priests. This same building is recorded as Titulus Sanctorum Nerei et Achillei in 595 A.D; therefore, the Dedications to Sts. Nereus and Achilleus, two Soldiers and Martyrs of the 4th-Century A.D., must date to the 6th-Century A.D.


Basilica of Saint Sixtus (San Sisto)
(Santi Nereo e Achilleo), Rome.
Photo: June 2006.
Source: DSCN0317
Uploaded by Kurpfalzbilder.de
(Wikimedia Commons)

In 814 A.D., Pope Leo III rebuilt the old Titulus. In the 13th-Century, the Relics of the two Martyrs (Santi Nereo e Achilleo) were Transferred from The Catacomb of Domitilla to the Sant'Adriano, whence they were Transferred to this Church by Cardinal Baronius.

The Church degraded with time, and, in 1320, according to the Catalogue of Turin, it was a Presbyterial Title with no Priest serving. So, Pope Sixtus IV Restored the Church on occasion of The Jubilee of 1475, while The Jubilee of 1600 was the occasion for the last major Restoration, funded by the scholarly antiquarian, Cardinal Cesare Baronio, who commissioned the frescoes.


Saint Domitilla with Saints Nereus and Achilleus.
Date: 1598 -1599.
Current location: Chiesa dei Santi Nereo e Achilleo, Rome.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Behind its unassuming facade, the Church is built according to the typical Basilica Plan, with a single Nave and two Side Aisles. The original Columns were replaced in the 15th-Century by Octagonal Pillars, and the Nave is characterised by the large fresco decorations commissioned by Cardinal Baronio.

The Cardinal, in his iconographic scheme timed for the 1600 Jubilee, emphasised the role of The Roman Martyrs during the Early Centuries of Christianity. The execution of the frescoes was entrusted to a minor painter, generally thought to be Niccolò Circignani, called "Pomarancio". There are a lot of gruesome details and blood all over the walls, but the pastel colours soften somewhat a fearsome effect of the pictures.


The Ciborium and High Altar,
Basilica of Saint Sixtus (San Sisto)
(Santi Nereo e Achilleo).
Rome, Italy.
Photo: June 2006.
Source: DSCN0316
Uploaded by Kurpfalzbilder.de
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Mediaeval Ambo is set on a large, porphyry urn taken from the nearby Baths of Caracalla. The low Screen, separating The Choir, is faced with 13th-Century Cosmatesque-Style inlays. A White Marble Candelabra was brought here from San Paolo fuori le Mura. The Ciborium, dating from the 16th-Century, is raised on African Marble Columns.

The Spandrels of the Arch, at the end of the Nave, retain some of the former mosaics of the time of Pope Leo III, with a central Transfiguration in a Mandorla. The High Altar, made of three Cosmatesque panels, houses the Relics of Nereus, Achilleus, and Saint Flavia Domitilla; all three of whom were brought here from the Catacomb of Domitilla. Next to The Altar, there are two pagan stones, depicting two winged spirits, taken from a nearby temple.


In the Apse, behind The Altar, is the Episcopal Throne, assembled under the direction of the Antiquary, Cardinal Baronius, re-using Lions in the Cosmatesque Style, that is associated with The Vassalletto School, which support the arm-rests; on the back-rest, is inscribed the opening and closing words of the twenty-eighth Homily of Saint Gregory The Great, inscribed under the mistaken Tradition that he preached them here, in front of the Relics of Saints Nereus and Achilleus on their Feast Day.

When Cardinal Baronio ordered the inscription, he did not know that the Relics were originally buried in the underground Basilica of the Catacomb of Domitilla, so thought that this was the place where Saint Gregory Preached.

The Arch of the Apse has mosaics of the 9th-Century A.D., with The Annunciation, The Transfiguration, and The Theotokos (Mother of God).

Tuesday, 21 March 2017

"Our Vera" Is Now 100 Years Old. God Bless You. We Love You.



"When I Grow Too Old To Dream".
Sung by: Very Lynn.
A salute to "The Few" who defended Great Britain in "Its Finest Hour".
Available on YouTube at


"Our Finest Hour".
Sir Winston Churchill.
Available on YouTube at


Vera Lynn visits a Munitions Factory "somewhere in Britain".
Date: 1941.
Author: Ministry of Information Photo Division Photographer.
(Wikimedia Commons)


Dame Very Lynn.
Date: 1973.
Source: Own work.
Author: Allan warren.
(Wikimedia Commons)


"Land Of Hope And Glory".
Sung by: Vera Lynn.
Available on YouTube at


"We'll Meet Again".
Sung by: Very Lynn.
Available on YouTube at

Fr. Z's Blog also has a Post on Vera Lynn. Read it at FR. Z's BLOG

Tuesday Of The Third Week In Lent. Lenten Stations At The Basilica Of Saint Pudentiana And The Basilica Of Saint Agatha.




Roman Text is taken from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Tuesday of The Third Week in Lent.
   Stations at Saint Pudentiana's and Saint Agatha's.

Indulgence of 10 Years and 10 Quarantines.

Violet Vestments.



Basilica of Santa Pudentiana,
Rome, Italy.
Photo: May 2009.
Source: Own work.
Author: Welleschik
(Wikimedia Commons)

By Apostolic Letters, dated 5 March 1934, and published on 15 October 1935, the Churches of Santa Agatha and Santa Maria Nova (also called Santa Francisca Romana) were raised to the Title of Stational Churches.

The same Ceremonies are performed, and the same Indulgences may be gained there, respectively, as Santa Pudentiana on The Third Tuesday in Lent and San Apollinare on Passion Thursday. These two Churches are not on the published Map of Stational Churches in The Saint Andrew Daily Missal.


English: Interior of the Basilica of Saint Agatha,
Rome, Italy.
Deutsch: Innenraum von Sant' Agata dei Goti.
Photo: September 2006.
Source: Photo taken by Th1979
Author: Th1979
(Wikimedia Commons)

Stational Indulgences.

Indulgences are mentioned in The Missal at some Stational Days. These Indulgences may be gained in Rome by taking part in The Stational Procession and Mass or by visiting The Stational Church on that day.

All Regulars [Editor: Regular Clergy, as opposed to Secular Clergy] may gain the same by attending Conventual Mass and Praying for the Pope's intentions in their own Convent Church (Pope Paul V,
23 May 1606).

This Privilege may have been extended to some Confraternities affiliated to these Orders.


The same Interior of Sant'Agata dei Goti (Saint Agatha of The Goths), Rome, as the previous photo, above. But the photo, here, was taken circa 1899. Taken from the Web-site of University College, Cork, Ireland at UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, CORK, IRELAND.

The Station is at the very ancient Sanctuary of Saint Pudentiana, erected on the site of the house of her father, the Senator Pudens, mentioned by Saint Paul in his Epistles. Saint Pudentiana lived here with her sister, Saint Praxedes. Here, Saint Peter received hospitality and the first Christians often assembled.

In the 2nd-Century A.D., this house seems to have been the Residence of The Roman Pontiffs. For such reasons, it became one of the twenty-five Parish Churches of Rome in the 5th-Century A.D. It was quite fitting to read there the Gospel in which Saint Peter asks Our Lord about the use of the Power of The Keys.


Basilica of Santa Pudentiana, Rome.
Photo: August 2012.
Source: Own work.
Author: Luc.
(Wikimedia Commons)


English: Basiliica of Saint Agatha,
Rome. Italy.
Deutsch: Roma, Sant'Agata dei Goti (rione Monti).
Photo: 25 May 2008.
Source: Own work.
Author: 
(Wikimedia Commons)


The clemency of the Jews was content to forgive three times. Jesus, in the Gospel, says we are to forgive "seventy times seven times", that is to say, always. Mercy, with the sacrifices which accompany it, forms part of The Lenten Penance.

Wherefore, the Epistle shows us, in the miraculous increase of a small quantity of oil at the word of Eliseus (by the sale of which a poor widow was enabled to pay a pitiless creditor), a figure of The Mercy of The Saviour, whose infinite merits supply the ransom for our sins.


One-time Cardinal Priest of Santa Pudenziana, Rome.
Artist: Eduardo Cano de la Peña (1823–1897).
Date: 1865.
Current location: University of Seville, Spain.
Source/Photographer: [2]
(Wikimedia Commons)

The following paragraph is from THE FAR SIGHT

The first Archbishop of Westminster and also the first Cardinal resident in England
since The Reformation: Nicholas Cardinal Wiseman.

In order to participate in the effects of this Charity of Christ, we should, in our turn, exercise the same Virtue. Then will The Church, in The Name of Jesus, make use in our favour of the Power of Remission which she holds from her Head.

Let us atone for our sins and forgive our neighbour his sins against us. And then let us implore The God of Mercy to grant us, by His Almighty Power, the pardon for our sins (Postcommunion).

Mass: Ego clamávi.



"Saint Pudentiana being received into Heaven".
Artist: Bernardino Nocchi.
Painting (1803) behind The High Altar of
Santa Pudentiana, Rome, Italy.
Photo: April 2010.
Source: Own work.
Author: Georges Jansoone (JoJan)
(Wikimedia Commons)

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

The Church of Santa Pudenziana (Pudentiana) is recognised as the oldest place of Christian worship in Rome. It was built over a 2nd-Century A.D. house (probably during the Pontificate of Pope Pius I (140 A.D. – 155 A.D.)) and re-uses part of a Baths facility, still visible in the structure of the Apse.

This Church was the Residence of the Pope until, in 313 A.D., Emperor Constantine offered them The Lateran Palace.

In the 4th-Century A.D., during the Pontificate of Pope Siricius, the building was transformed into a Three-Naved Church. In The Acts of The Synod of 499 A. D., the Church bears the Titulus "Pudentis", indicating that the administration of The Sacraments was allowed.


"Christ delivering The Keys of Heaven to Saint Peter",
by the architect and sculptor, Giacomo della Porta.
Date: 1594.
The Saint Peter Chapel in the
Church of Santa Pudenziana, Rome, Italy.
Photo: April 2010.
Source: Own work.
Author: Georges Jansoone (JoJan)
(Wikimedia Commons)


The Saint Peter Chapel, on the Left-Side of the Apse, contains a part of the table at which Saint Peter would have held the Celebration of The Eucharist in the house of Saint Pudens. The rest of the table is embedded in the Papal Altar of Saint John Lateran.

In the same Chapel, there are two bronze slabs in the wall, explaining that here Saint Peter was given hospitality and that he offered, for the first time in Rome, Bread and Wine as a Consecration of The Eucharist. The Pavement is ancient. A door opens into a Cortile (Courtyard) with a small Chapel that contains frescoes from the 11th-Century.


Main entrance to Saint Pudentiana's, Rome.
Photo: November 2005.
Source: Own work.
Author: Panairjdde
(Wikimedia Commons)

Caetani Chapel: This Chapel for The Caetani family (family of Pope Boniface VIII) was designed by Capriano da Volterra, in 1588, and, after his death in 1601, was completed by Carlo Maderno. The mosaics on the floor are notable. The Columns are of Lumachella Marble. The Relief (1599), above the Altar, is by Pier Paolo Olivieri and depicts The Adoration of The Magi. Giovanni Paolo Rossetti painted Saint Praxedes and Saint Pudentiana collecting The Blood of The Martyrs, in 1621. He also painted the fresco of The Evangelist, in the Ceiling, to a design by Federico Zuccari.


"Saints Praxedes and Pudentiana
collecting The Blood of The Martyrs".
Date: 1621.
Artist: Giovanni Paolo Rossetti.
Current location: The Caetani Chapel,
Church of Santa Pudentiana, Rome.
Photo: April 2010.
Source: Own work.
Author: Georges Jansoone (JoJan)
(Wikimedia Commons)

The statue of Saint Pudentiana, in a Niche, is by Claude Adam, dating from, circa, 1650. The Sisters’ Well stands just outside The Caetani Chapel, in the Left-Aisle, and is said to contain the Relics of 3,000 Early Martyrs, many of which were brought here and hidden by Saints Pudentiana and Praxedes. This is marked by a square porphyry slab in the floor.

The Cardinal Priest, of the Titulus S. Pudentianae, is Joachim Meisner. One of the former Cardinal-Priests of this Basilica was Cardinal Luciano Bonaparte, great-nephew of the Emperor Napoleon I.

The following three paragraphs are from THE CATHOLIC TRAVELER


The Station Churches of Rome.

Pilgrims who travel to Rome, during Lent, can participate in a beautiful custom that dates back to the 4th-Century A.D. It’s a custom that began as a way to strengthen the sense of community in the City, while honouring The Holy Martyrs of Rome.

The Faithful would journey through the streets to visit various Churches. As they walked, they would Pray The Litany of The Saints. The Bishop of Rome, that is The Holy Father (The Pope), would join them, lead them in Prayer and Celebrate Mass at the Church.

Though this practice was around for years, Pope Saint Gregory the Great established the order of the Churches to be visited, the Prayers to be recited, and designated this as a Lenten practice. The Tradition continued until 1309, when the Papacy moved to Avignon, France. Pope Leo XIII revived the Tradition and it was fully restored by Pope Saint John XXIII in 1959.


THE SAINT ANDREW DAILY MISSAL



THE SAINT ANDREW DAILY MISSAL

Available (in U.K.) from

Available (in U.S.A.) from

Monday, 20 March 2017

Saint Joseph. Confessor. Spouse Of The Blessed Virgin Mary. Feast Day 19 March (Transferred In 2017 To 20 March).




Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Joseph.
Confessor.
Spouse Of The Blessed Virgin Mary.
Feast Day 19 March (Transferred In 2017 To 20 March).

Double of The First-Class.

White Vestments.


Illustration: PINTEREST

The Church always honours Saint Joseph with Mary and Jesus, especially during The Christmas Solemnities. Today's Gospel is, indeed, that  of 24 December. A Coptic Calendar tells us that Saint Joseph was Liturgically honoured in a special way  on 20 July from the 8th-Century A.D.

At the end of the 15th-Century, his Feast was kept on 19 March and, in 1621, Pope Gregory XV extended it to the whole Church. In 1870, Blessed Pope Pius IX proclaimed Saint Joseph Protector of The Universal Church.

This Saint "of The Royal Race of David" was a Just Man (Gospel). As, by his marriage with The Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph has certain rights of The Blessed Fruit of The Virginal Womb of his spouse, a moral affinity exists between him and Jesus.


He exercised over The Child-God a certain paternal authority, which the Preface of Saint Joseph delicately alludes to as that of a Foster-Father. Without having begotten Jesus, Saint Joseph, by the bounds which unite him to Mary, is legally and morally the Father of the Son of The Blessed Virgin Mary.

It follows that we must honour, by  a special homage, this dignity, or supernatural excellence, of Saint Joseph. "In the family of Nazareth", says Cornelius-a-Lapide (a Flemish Jesuit and Exegete (1567-1637), "were the three greatest and most excellent persons in the World. Wherefore, to Christ is due The Divine Worship, to The Virgin a higher Worship than to Saints, and to Saint Joseph the full Worship due to Saints".

God revealed to Saint Joseph The Mystery of The Incarnation (Ibid.) and "chose him among all" (Epistle) to commit to his care The Incarnate Word and The Virginity of Mary.

The Hymn at Lauds says that: ""Christ and The Virgin were with him at his last hour and watched by him, their faces gleaming with sweet serenity".Saint Joseph went to Heaven for ever to enjoy The Beatific Vision of The Word, whose humanity he had so long and so closely contemplated on Earth.


This Saint is, therefore, justly considered the patron and model of interior and contemplative Souls. And, in the Heavenly Home, Saint Joseph has a powerful influence of The Heart of The Son of his Most Blessed Spouse (Collect).

Let us imitate, at this Holy Season, the purity, the humility, the spirit of Prayer and Meditation, of Saint Joseph at Nazareth.

Every Parish  Priest Celebrates Mass for the people of his Parish.

Mass: Justus ut.
Commemoration: Of The Feria, in Lent.
Credo.
Preface: Of Saint Joseph.
Last Gospel: Of The Feria, in Lent.

If 19 March happens to fall in Holy Week, The Feast of Saint Joseph is Transferred to The Tuesday after Low Sunday. An Alleluia is then added to every Antiphon, Verse, or Responsorial.


The following Text is from ON THE ROAD TO DAMASCUS

In the pre-Vatican II Pope Saint Pius X Divine Office "Divino Afflatu", with yesterday being the Third Sunday of Lent, Saint Joseph's Feast Day was Transferred to today, 20 March 2017. 

The reason being is that Saint Joseph's Feast Day is a Double of The First Class and this does not take precedence over a Sunday in Lent.

However, in The Rubrics of 1568 (Trent), and, thus, prior to "Divino Afflatu", The Feast Day is just a Double (and not a Double of The First-Class), so Saint Joseph can be Commemorated in the Third Sunday of Lent Mass and Office.
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